Since water makes up more than two-thirds of our body weight, it is imperative to stay hydrated by drinking pure and clean water free from contaminants to maintain good health and prevent diseases. The metabolic processes of the body depend on the availability of water which is why water is akin to life. Water is essential for transmitting nutrients, oxygen, and minerals to the many cells in the body and it even helps the body to get rid of toxic substances by allowing the kidneys to function correctly as well as through perspiration, urination, and defecation. That we can maintain the body temperature around 98.4oF or 37oC is possible only when the body has an adequate quantity of water. Many more bodily functions that depend on water but the most important thing to ensure is that drinking water has to be pure, clean and free from contaminants.
Obtaining purified water is the priority for all who want to lead a healthy life by keeping away from water-borne diseases. Clean water might still contain minerals, dirt, chemicals, and other impurities that not only make it smelly but also give a bad taste. The presence of hydrogen sulfide gas in water imparts the smell of rotten eggs to water as many households might experience sometimes. The contaminants in water are bad for health, but some bacteria and microscopic organisms are just too bad because it can endanger your health and cause serious illnesses. For ensuring good health for all, you should arrange for filtering water at home by using a filtration system like what you see at aquaoxfilters.com, a company that has made it easy to make purified water available across the entire house.
Filtered water is safe for drinking and making it available across the home at various points of use ensures overall good health. The process of filtration removes the impurities and other harmful contaminants thereby making it safe for all kinds of domestic use including drinking. Moreover, filtration can also improve the taste of water. What impurities and contaminates the process of filtration eliminates will be easy to understand on going through this article.
Removal of sediment
It is common to find that water at some places is not clear but has a cloudy appearance which happens due to the deposit of sediment. In water filtration plants, for removing leaves and other debris, mechanical filters are used that also removes silt, clay and dirt particles present in water. The impurities combine to form sediment. Metal screens, ceramic, paper or fabric constitute the material of construction of the filter element used in mechanical filters that can effectively remove residue from water and give it a clear appearance. Although the sediment does not pose any health risks, it can impart an unpleasant taste to water. For screening out fine sediment, most home filtration units use replaceable paper filters that effectively screen out the fine sediment.
The taste of drinking water must be good so that people can consume it in large volumes to keep the body hydrated. No matter how much good the quality of water might be, if the taste is not good, the intake amount would be less. Sometimes drinking water can have a metallic smell that it acquires from some minerals like calcium, iron, and manganese, which even though not harmful, creates repulsion as people would not like to drink smelly water. Iron and manganese in water used for household jobs can discolor porcelain dishes and even stain clothes. Build up of these chemicals in water pipes over a long period can cause clogging that leads to plumbing problems as the water pressure gradually reduces.
Water utility companies of municipalities widely use chlorine for treating drinking water because of its ease of use and ability to kill bacteria in water besides being inexpensive. Sometimes, it is also useful to remove some viruses. Despite its good disinfecting properties, chlorine can make water taste unpleasant and impart a strong smell to it as well as form some hazardous compounds by reacting with some metals. To improve the taste of water and remove chlorine smell you should use an activated carbon filter.
Lead is dangerous because it is toxic and very harmful when ingested. Therefore, making drinking water free from lead is most important. Old plumbing pipes and the material used for soldering pipes are the primary sources of lead in water when water passes through the pipes. To remove lead from the water, you must either use the reverse osmosis process of filtration together with distillation and carbon filters specifically meant for removing lead. Well, water can contain lead, and other contaminants and experts recommend yearly testing for water quality.
Pathogens are the scariest elements in water because the harmful parasites and bacteria can cause a number of diseases, some of which like cholera, gastroenteritis and jaundice are quite serious. It can also cause chronic stomach ailments like giardiasis that leads to diarrhea which can last for about 6 weeks. Giardia intestinal is an organism that can survive in the environment for many months. It can result from contamination of water by human or animal feces. Cryptosporidium, a chlorine-resistant parasite can also cause similar symptoms. Microfilters, ultrafilters and nano filters work well for removing the pathogens effectively by filtering water through it.
Chemical and pesticide removal
It is not unusual to find dissolved pesticide in water because the nature of pesticides has changed over the last 50 years or more. This happens because heavy metals present in pesticides dissolve in water and the harmful chemicals pose serious health risks for humans. Activated carbon filters are effective in removing volatile organic compounds (VOC) and pesticides that mix with water to generate pure drinking water that does not contain harmful chemicals.
Besides ensuring that drinking water is always pure, clean and healthy, it is equally important to ensure that water used for other household purposes are also of the same quality that provides complete protection.